The Russian Space Forces are a branch of the Russian Aerospace Forces, that provides aerospace warning, air sovereignty, and protection for Russia. Having been reestablished following August 1, 2015 merger between the Russian Air Force and the Russian Aerospace Defence Forces after a 2011 dissolving of the branch. The Russian Space Forces were originally formed on August 10, 1992 and the creation of the Russian Armed Forces.
Soyuz-2, GRAU index 14A14, is the collective designation for the 21st-century version of the Russian Soyuz rocket. In its basic form, it is a three-stage carrier rocket for placing payloads into low Earth orbit. The first-stage boosters and two core stages feature uprated engines with improved injection systems, compared to the previous versions of the Soyuz. Digital flight control and telemetry systems allow the rocket to be launched from a fixed launch platform, whereas the launch platforms for earlier Soyuz rockets had to be rotated as the rocket could not perform a roll to change its heading in flight.
The RD-107 and its sibling RD-108 initially used to launch the R-7 Semyorka missiles, The RD-107 engine were later used on space launch vehicles based on the R-7 missile, As of 2021 Vary similar RD-107A and RD-108A were used to launch the Soyuz 2.1a and Soyuz 2.1b
The RD-108 and its sibling RD-107 initially used to launch the R-7 Semyorka missiles, The RD-107 engine were later used on space launch vehicles based on the R-7 missile, As of 2021 Vary similar RD-107A and RD-108A were used to launch the Soyuz 2.1a and Soyuz 2.1b
The RD-0124 is used on the Soyuz-2.1b and Soyus-2.1v
Glonass-M, also known as Uragan-M, are the second generation of Uragan satellite design used for GLONASS satellite navigation system. GLONASS is a Russian space-based navigation system comparable to the similar GPS and Galileo systems. This generation improves on accuracy, power consumption and design life. Each satellite weighs 1415 kg, is equipped with 12 L-band antennas, and has an operational lifetime of 7 years.