Multipayload mission, 9 satellites

Launch Overview

Liftoff Time
February 13, 2012 - 10:00 GMT (10:00 UTC)

Who is ESA?

The European Space Agency is an intergovernmental organisation of 22 member states. Established in 1975 and headquartered in Paris, France, ESA has a worldwide staff of about 2,000 employees. ESA's space flight programme includes human spaceflight (mainly through participation in the International Space Station program); the launch and operation of unmanned exploration missions to other planets and the Moon; Earth observation, science and telecommunication; designing launch vehicles; and maintaining a major spaceport, the Guiana Space Centre at Kourou, French Guiana.

What Is Vega?

Vega is an expendable launch system in use by Arianespace jointly developed by the Italian Space Agency (ASI) and the European Space Agency (ESA).

Engines

P80

The P80 used on the European Space Agency Vega rocket. IT is the largest and most powerful one piece solid-fuel rocket engine

Zefiro 23

The Zefiro is a family of solid-fuel rocket motors developed by Avio and used on European Space Agency (ESA) Vega rocket. The name Zefire derives from the acronym (ZEro First stage ROcket), conceived when this motor was intended to be used as first and second stages of San Marco program of the Italian Space Agency (ASI). After its intended use as a booster was shelved the acronym was dropped and only the reference to the Greek god of the west wind Zephyrus remained. As of April 2019 two models, Zefiro 23 and Zefiro 9A, are used with Vega and the Zefiro 40 is used for Vega-C

Zefiro 9A

The Zefiro is a family of solid-fuel rocket motors developed by Avio and used on European Space Agency (ESA) Vega rocket. The name Zefire derives from the acronym (ZEro First stage ROcket), conceived when this motor was intended to be used as first and second stages of San Marco program of the Italian Space Agency (ASI). After its intended use as a booster was shelved the acronym was dropped and only the reference to the Greek god of the west wind Zephyrus remained. As of April 2019 two models, Zefiro 23 and Zefiro 9A, are used with Vega and the Zefiro 40 is used for Vega-C

RD-843

The RD-842 ia a single nozzle,pressure-fed UDMH and nitrogen tetroxide engine used on AVUM and Vega rockets

Complex Overview

Launch Facility
Kourou, French Guiana
Launch Pad
Ariane Launch Area 1
Turnaround Time
23 years

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